|Excerpts from articles by FIBA Asia Technical Director Col. Lee Kak Kuan
FIBA Official Rules Changes has taken effect from Oct 1, 2010. Some of these changes were approved in 2008, but implemented only now to allow the National Federations ample time to arrange the new court markings.
FIBA Asia implemented these rules in all its events 1st January 2011, from when, all FIBA Asia events will apply the new rules and there would be no excuse whatsoever for not adopting it.
Find out more from Col. Lee Kak Kuan's articles about the rule changes: Part 1 and Part 2.
FIBA Official Basketball Rules shall be the principal document governing basketball.
The Restricted Area
A major change is the measurements and shape of the Restricted Area. The historical trapezoid that is unique to FIBA has been replaced with the Rectangular Restricted Area, similar to NBA marking.
Though the shape of the Restricted Area has changed, the rules and related interpretations remain the same. The overall area has been increased and uniform to allow better maneuver of the players. Unlike the trapezoid where it narrowed towards the Free Throw Line.
In addition, with the rectangle shape, the distance of the players that lined up is equal on both sides of the area. Interference from the opponent lined up nearer to the Free Thrower is lesser with the wider distance.
Three Points Field Goal Area
The 3-point field goal semi-circle has been extended from the radius of 6.25 meters to 6.75 meters (difference of 0.5 meters). Though the 3-point area has become slightly smaller, the related rules and interpretations remain the same.
A major change is implemented when a time out is taken during the last two minutes of the 4th period or any extra period by the team entitled to possessing of the ball for a throw-in in that team’s back court. Previously the throw-in was administered at the centre line extended will now be administered at the 8.325 meters throw-in line in the front court opposite the score table as shown in the diagram.
No Charge Area
This is a new inception. The ‘No Charge’ areas are the semi-circles each with a radius of 1.25 meters drawn measured from the centre points immediately below the centre of the baskets to the inner edges of the semi-circles.
This rule has undergone a significant change. First, the 24-second clock shall start when the ball is touched by any player (offensive or defensive) on the court, and the team of the player making the throw-in remains in control of the ball. The difference compare to the previous rule is “control.” The clock starts only when a player gains control of a live ball on the court. This change calls for more attention in operation of the 24-second clock as both the game clock and the 24 second clock will start simultaneously when during the throw-in by the player the ball is legally touched by any player in the court. The change has no tactical implication on the game.
The major change is on the resulting throw-in to be administered in the team frontcourt by the team that previously had control of the ball after the defensive player had committed a foul. When there is 14 seconds or more displayed on the 24 second clock at the time the game was stopped, the 24 second clock shall not be reset but continue from whatever time left on the clock. Under the same situation if 13 seconds or less was displayed on the 24-second clock, it shall be reset to 14 seconds
There are other minor changes to the rules for the consistency in application as a result of the research and development carried out by FIBA. These articles include:
- Other equipment that players are not authorized to wear including the display of commercial materials.
- Forfeit applies a more severe penalty. The team shall be disqualified and the results of all the games played by the team shall be nullified as a result of the second forfeit.
- : Eight Seconds Rule, which has been edited. It states that the ball moves into a team’s front court when it touches or is legally touched by the offensive player who has both the feet in contact with the front court.
- : Referee Duties and Power: The use of technical equipment other than to decide the last shot at the end of each period or extra time was released during playing time has added authority. The rule now also to determine if the shot for goal counts for 2 or 3 points.